In Myanmar, there are about 135 ethnic
groups. Among them, the major races are Bamar, Shan,
Kayin, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Mon
and Rakhine. They all have their own dialect, tradition,
culture, legendary and traditional costume.
The traditional costume consist “longyi” (sarong) and “eingyi”
(blouse) & (shirt)
Centuries ago, people came from India, Tibet and Mongolia into
Myanmar. The way of the dressing of our earliest people “Pyus”
was like Indian culture.
Bamar men wear ankle length patterns
of checks, plaids or stripes “Longyi” in any kinds of colour.
Kayin traditional “longyi” has solid reds bordered with
horizontal stripes at the middle. Rakhine patterns fracture a
thick, high relief weave in light, reflective greys and blues.
The Kachin longyi consists of checks of black, green and deep
purple. Mon longyi is in small checks on red, bordered with
horizontal stripes at the middle looks something like in Kayin “longyi”.
Chin “longyi is like Bamar “longyi” But it has a column.
Shan and Kayah men’s traditional costumes are quite different,
because they wear loose trousers. Shan trousers have light
brown, brown, terracotta or grey colour but Kayah trousers are
only in black.
To wear, they tie them, they gather the front of the “longyi” to
create two short lengths of material, then twist them into a
half knot, tucking one end in at the waist, while allowing the
other to protrude from the knot. Shan men tie their trousers
like “longyi” Kayah men tie them pink band at the waist on their
Their white “eingyi” looks like shirt has mandarin collar. Bamar,
Kachin, Mon, Shan, Kayah and Rakhine men wear traditional jacket
called “teik-pon “on their “eingyi”. It has white, grey, black
or terracotta colour. But Kayin and Chin men wear their long
dress instead of “tiek-pon”. They put the “gaung-baung” turban
on their head and for footwear, simple rubber or velvet
Bamar women’s calf-length “longyis” are in solid colours, flower
prints and many kinds of designs. One of the famous designs
feature wavy or zig zag “acheig” patterns. Rakhine women
traditional “longyi” is also in “acheig”. The Mon “longyi “has
red base colour, on it partial stripes and very small checks
design. Kayin and Kayah “longyis” are in horizontal stripes on
red or green colour. Kayah women tie them beautifully with very
long band in front of them, at the waist. Shan “longyi” has
horizontal or vertical stripes at the middle part. Upper and
lower parts are in plain colour. Kachin “Longyi” has the “manaw”
columns, on the red or black colour base.
Bamar, Kayin, Chin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine and Shan women’s
“longyis” are nearly the same and made by cotton. A black
waistband is stitched along the waist end, to wear; this
waistband is folded in front to form a wide pleat, and then
tucked behind the waistband to one side.
The Kachin “eingyi“ has only black colour and it is very
beautiful because it is decorated by many pieces of silver.
Kayin women wear a long dress called “thin-dai” decorated by
many threads. Bamar, Mon, Rakhine, Chin, Kayah, and Shan
women’s” eingyis” are nearly the same .It has a form-fitting
waist length blouse. Kayah women tie this traditional shawl on
their “eingyi”. It is embroiled of male and female royal birds
of them called “Keinayee & Keinayah”. Bamar, Rakhine and Mon
women put the shawl on their shoulders.
Kayah, Kayin, Shan, Kachin, and Chin women tie a lovely band on
their head. Bamar, Mon and Rakhine women wear beautiful flowers
in their hair. The footwear is simple slippers of leather or